Earth is truly a marvelous planet and consists of living and nonliving components. It is the only planet in our solar system that has the components necessary to support life as we recognize it. The planet is only a tiny part of the universe, but it is the home of human beings and many other organisms. Animals and plants live almost everywhere on the surface of earth. Perhaps the most amazing feature of our planet is the rich diversity of the life that exists here. Millions of beautiful and intriguing species populate the earth and help sustain a habitable environment. This vast multitude of life creates complex, interrelated communities where towering trees and huge animals live together with, and depend upon, tiny life-forms such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
Ecology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology, which deals with study of distribution, structure, various aspects of life organisms and their interaction with environment. Depending upon the field of study, it is divided into two aspects - plant ecology and animal ecology, though the two cannot be separated from each other.
The Environment (from the French environner: to encircle or surround) can be defined as : (1) the circumstances or conditions that surround an organism or group of organisms, or (2) the complex of social or cultural conditions that affect an individual or community. Since humans inhabit the natural world as well as the built or technological, social, and cultural world, all constitute important parts of our environment. The different types of organisms living in a particular environment are not only independent and mutually reactive but also react with the environment. Environmental science is the systematic study of our environment and our proper place in it. A relatively new field, environmental science is highly interdiscipunary, integrating natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities in a broad, holistic study of the world around us. In contrast to more theoretical disciplines, environmental science is mission-oriented. That is, it seeks new, valid, contextual knowledge about the natural world and our impacts on it, but obtaining this information creates a responsibility to get involved in trying to do something about the problems we have created.
Dr. Purohit SS
Table of Contents..
Ecology and Environment and Pollution
Edaphic (Soil) Factor
Population and Community Ecology
Plant Geography and Biomes of the World
Stress Ecology and Ecological Adaptations
Natural Resources and their Management
Biodiversity: the Natural Biological Capital of the Earth
The Human Population
Biopollution or Bioinvasion
Hazardous Materials/Hazardous Wastes
Environmental Pollution: Bioindicators and Biologic Markers
Impact of Genetic Engineering on Food and Environment
Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System for Environmental Studies
Bioconservation of the Environment
International and National Environmental Organizations